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Cyclooxygenase and cytokine regulation in lung fibroblasts activated with viral versus bacterial pathogen associated molecular patterns

Literature Life Science

How COX activity modulates cell growth and inflammatory responses induced by activators of Toll-like receptors (TLRs): follow PGE2 levels

Abstract

Cyclooxygenase (COX) is required for prostanoid (e.g. prostaglandin PGE2) production. Constitutive COX-1 and inducible COX-2 are implicated in lung diseases, such as idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Using lung fibroblasts from humans and wild type, COX-1(-/-) and COX-2(-/-) mice, we investigated how COX activity modulates cell growth and inflammatory responses induced by activators of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) 1-8. In mouse tissue, PGE2 release from fresh lung was COX-1 driven, in lung in culture (24h) COX-1 and COX-2 driven, and from proliferating lung fibroblasts exclusively COX-2 driven. COX-2 limited proliferation in lung fibroblasts and both isoforms limited KC release induced by a range of TLR agonists. Less effect of COX was seen on TLR-induced IP-10 release. In human lung fibroblasts inhibition of COX with diclofenac was associated with increased release of IL-8 and IP-10. Our results may have implications for the treatment of IPF.

Details

Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat. 2013;107:4-12.

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