Development of a robust, practical automated HTRF PGE2 assay format for screening of mPGES-1inhibitors with high precision and low reagent consumption
Microsomal prostaglandin Esynthase-1 (mPGES-1) is the major enzyme catalyzing the isomerization ofprostaglandin (PG) H(2) to PGE(2). Here we report the development of a robust and practical automated assayin a 384-well format for roomtemperature screening of mPGES-1inhibitors with high precision and low reagent consumption. The assayshould enable precise structure-activity relationship development. It uses acetonitrile as solvent for PGH(2), FeCl(2)/citrate as stop reagent, and a short reaction time. Combined with high-precision liquid transfer and extensive mixing after addition of reactants, these properties let the assay reach Z’ > 0.7 and high reproducibility of inhibitor IC(50) values. Thorough investigation of the quality of mixing in all liquid transfer steps proved crucial for reaching high-precision performance. Abbreviations: mPGES-1 (microsomal prostaglandinE synthase-1); FRET (fluorescence resonance energy transfer); HTRF (homogeneous time-resolved fluorescence); PGH2 (prostaglandinH2); PGE2 (prostaglandin E2); SAR (structure-activity relationship); COX-2 (cyclooxygenase-2); GSH (glutathione); ALP (automated labware positioner).
J Biomol Screen. 2012;17(10):1372-8.