Development of an HTRF assay monitoring of oligonucleotide hybridization
We describe here a competitive hybridization assay using TRACE technology which can be used for real-time monitoring of oligonucleotide hybridization. This assay quantifies all kinds of oligonucleotides in biological fluids without extraction. The assay makes use of two different probes and involves a fluorescent transfer process. As fluorescence measurements are not destructive, they can be sequentially repeated, thereby allowing comparison of the hybridization kinetics and binding strength of chemically modified backbone oligonucleotides (>0.5 nM) in biological media. The assay was validated for pharmacokinetic analysis of phosphodiester and phosphorothioate oligonucleotides in plasma and in different organs (liver, kidneys, lungs, spleen) at low concentrations (0.4 mg/kg, corresponding to clinical doses). Respective sensitivities for phosphodiester and phosphorothioate were 0.2 and 0.8 pmol/ml in plasma and 2 and 8 pmol/g in tissues, which allow to recover intact phosphorothioate sequences in some organs even after 24 hours.
Biochem Biophys Res Comm. 2000;268:92-8