HTRF kinase toolbox for Lck, Fyn, Hck, Lyn, Kdr, Flt1, PDGFR, Src and c-Kit kinase assays
The Src family kinases Lck and Fyn play an important role in T cell development and function. We have synthesized a novel small molecule, A-420983, which inhibits Lck and Fyn, as well as other Src family kinases, but has selectivity with respect to non-Src family kinases. A-420983 completely inhibited antigen-stimulated production of IFN-g and IL-4 by mouse Th1 and Th2 cells, respectively. Antigen-induced T cell proliferation was also blocked by treatment with A-420983. In contrast, IL-15- induced proliferation was unaffected by A-420983, suggesting that TCR-independent pathways of T cell activation were not impaired. When mice were dosed orally, A-420983 inhibited TCR-mediated c-jun and ZAP-70 phosphorylation in CD4+ T cells and suppressed the disease course of established EAE. Treatment with A-420983 for 7 days resulted in a block in thymocyte development at the CD4_ CD8_ stage, consistent with inhibition of Lck and Fyn in vivo. These results demonstrate that a small molecule inhibitor of Lck and Fyn can block TCR-induced T cell activation in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, CNS demyelination mediated by activated encephalitogenic CD4+ T cells is dependent upon the kinase activity of these Src family members. We conclude that inhibition of Src family kinases may represent a promising strategy for the treatment of T cellmediated disorders.
Int Immunopharmacol. 2005;5(4):667-77.