Insulin secretion, after chronic exposure to GKA71 measured in perifused rat islets
Glucokinase (GK) plays a critical role in controlling blood glucose; GK activators have been shown to stimulate insulin secretion acutely both in vitro and in vivo. Sustained stimulation of insulin secretion could potentially lead to ?-cell exhaustion; this study examines the effect of chronic GK activation on ?-cells. Gene expression and insulin secretion were measured in rodent islets treated in vitro with GKA71 for 72 h. Key ?-cell gene expression was measured in rat, mouse and global GK heterozygous knockout mouse islets (gk(del/wt)). Insulin secretion, after chronic exposure to GKA71, was measured in perifused rat islets. GKA71 acutely increased insulin secretion in rat islets in a glucose-dependent manner. Chronic culture of mouse islets with GKA71 in 5 mmol/l glucose significantly increased the expression of insulin, IAPP, GLUT2, PDX1 and PC1 and decreased the expression of C/EBP? compared with 5 mmol/l glucose alone. Similar increases were shown for insulin, GLUT2, IAPP and PC1 in chronically treated rat islets. Insulin mRNA was also increased in GKA71-treated gk(del/wt) islets. No changes in GK mRNA were observed. Glucose-stimulated insulin secretion was improved in perifused rat islets following chronic treatment with GKA71. This was associated with a greater insulin content and GK protein level. Chronic treatment of rodent islets with GKA71 showed an upregulation of key ?-cell genes including insulin and an increase in insulin content and GK protein compared with glucose alone.
J Mol Endocrinol. 2011 Jul 18;47(1):59-67