The phospho-STAT1 (Tyr701) assay enables the cell-based quantitative detection of phosphorylated STAT1 on Tyr701 as a readout of the JAK/STAT pathway.
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  • Ready-to-use
  • High sensitivity
  • Faster and more convenient than ELISA
  • Low sample consumption
The phospho-STAT1 (Tyr701) assay enables the cell-based quantitative detection of phosphorylated STAT1 on Tyr701 as a readout of the JAK/STAT pathway.
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Overview

This HTRF cell-based assay enables the rapid and quantitative detection of STAT1 phosphorylated on Tyr701 as a readout of JAK/STAT signaling activity. STAT1 acts as an important transcriptional activator and the assay serves as a readout for JAK inhibitors in oncology, virology and inflammation.

Phospho-STAT1 (Tyr701) assay principle

The Phospho-STAT1 (Tyr701) assay measures STAT1 when phosphorylated at Tyr701. Contrary to Western Blot, the assay is entirely plate-based and does not require gels, electrophoresis or transfer. The Phospho-STAT1 (Tyr701) assay uses 2 labeled antibodies: one with a donor fluorophore, the other one with an acceptor. The first antibody is selected for its specific binding to the phosphorylated motif on the protein, the second for its ability to recognize the protein independent of its phosphorylation state. Protein phosphorylation enables an immune-complex formation involving both labeled antibodies and which brings the donor fluorophore into close proximity to the acceptor, thereby generating a FRET signal. Its intensity is directly proportional to the concentration of phosphorylated protein present in the sample, and provides a means of assessing the protein’s phosphorylation state under a no-wash assay format.

Phospho-STAT1 (Tyr701) 2-plate assay protocol

The 2 plate protocol involves culturing cells in a 96-well plate before lysis then transferring lysates to a 384-well low volume detection plate before adding phospho-STAT1 (Tyr701) HTRF detection reagents. This protocol enables the cells' viability and confluence to be monitored.

Phospho-STAT1 (Tyr701) 1-plate assay protocol

Detection of Phosphorylated STAT1 (Tyr701) with HTRF reagents can be performed in a single plate used for culturing, stimulation and lysis. No washing steps are required. This HTS designed protocol enables miniaturization while maintaining robust HTRF quality.

HTRF assay compared to Western Blot using phospho-STAT1 cellular assays on human HeLa cells

HeLa cells were grown in a T175 flask at 37 °C, 5% CO2 for 48h. Cells were then stimulated with IFNa for 20 min. After medium removal, the cells were lysed with 3mL of supplemented lysis buffer for 30 min at room temperature. Soluble fractions were then collected after 10 min centrifugation. Serial dilutions of the cell lysate were performed in the supplemented lysis buffer and 16 µL of each dilution were dispensed and analyzed side-by-side by Western-blot and by HTRF. For each cell density tested, the fluorescence ratio closely matched the western blot band intensity, demonstrating the reliability of HTRF as an analytical technique for the measurement of phopsho STAT1

Validation of phospho STAT1-Y701 on human & murine cell lines

IFNa was used to induce phosphorylation of STAT1 in mouse NIH 3T3 and human HeLa cells. NIH-3T3 & Hela cells plated at different cell densities, were stimulated with 2.5µg/mL of IFNa for 20 minutes. After a lysis step using 50 µL of supplemented lysis buffer, 16 µL of lysate were transferred into a 384-well low volume white microplate before the addition of 4 µL of the HTRF phospho-STAT1 detection reagents. The HTRF signal was recorded after an overnight incubation. The graph display the biological assay window corresponding to IFNa-stimulated over unstimulated conditions.

Detection of phospho STAT1 on HeLa cells: stimulation kinetic

IFNa was used to induce phosphorylation of STAT1 in HeLa cells. 200,000 cells were plated in a 96well plate, then stimulated with increasing IFNa concentrations for various times (10, 20 30 and 60 minutes). After cell lysis with 50 µL of supplemented lysis buffer, 16 µL of lysate were transferred into a 384-well low volume white microplate before the addition of 4 µL of the HTRF phospho-STAT1 detection reagents. The HTRF signal was recorded after an overnight incubation. In these experimental conditions the optimal stimulation time was determined at 20 minutes of IFNa.

HTRF total-STAT1 assay used to check the phosphorylation status of STAT1 on murine and human cells

After 20 minutes stimulation with increasing IFNa concentrations, NIH 3T3 & Hela cells (200,000 cells/96well plate) were lysed with 50 µL of supplemented lysis buffer and incubated for 30 min at RT under gentle shaking. For phospho- STAT1 detection (blue curve), 16 µL of lysate were transferred into a 384-well low volume white microplate, followed by 4 µL of the HTRF phospho-STAT1 detection reagents For total STAT1 detection (red curve), 16µl of lysate were transferred into a 384-well low volume white, followed by 4 µL of the HTRF Total-STAT1 detection reagents. HTRF signals were recorded after an overnight incubation. Note that the HeLa cells display better potency of IFNa compared to NIH3T3 cells.

Transcriptional activator STAT1 involved in the JAK/STAT pathway

STAT1 is an important transcriptional activator involved in the JAK/STAT pathway which is activated by interferon I class, growth factors or chemokines. After stimulation, phosphorylated STAT1 dimers bind to Interferon Stimulated Gene Factor 3 complex. Then STAT1 proteins translocate into the nucleus and activate the transcription of genes associated to cell survival, viability or pathogen response. In response to IFNγ, STAT1 forms homodimers or heterodimers with STAT3 that bind to the GAS (Interferon-Gamma-Activated Sequence) promoter element. In response to either IFNα or IFNß, STAT1 forms heterodimer with STAT2 that bind the Interferon-Stimulated Response Element (ISRE).

Simplified pathway dissection with HTRF phospho-assays and CyBi-felix liquid handling

Analyse of PI3K/AKT/mTor translational control pathway - Application Notes

Open R&D: Sanofi Access Platform

In collaboration with Sanofi - Scientific Presentations

Cisbio lysis buffer compatibility

Cell Signaling: Biomarkers, Phospho- & total-protein Assays - Flyers

HTRF cellular phospho-protein assays

physiologically relevant results fo fast flowing research - Flyers

Save time and money

Switch to HTRF assays - Flyers

Inflammation cell by cell

HTRF solutions for each cell type - Flyers

Species compatibility

Cell Signaling: Biomarkers, Phospho- & total-protein assays - Flyers

HTRF assays for Oncology and Inflammation

Signaling in the immune syqtem - Brochures

Do all cell-based kinase assays perform similarly? A side-by-side comparison of HTRF®, Western Blot, ELISA and AlphaScreen® SureFire®

Do all cell-based kinase assays perform similarly? A side-by-side comparison of HTRF®, Western Blot, ELISA and AlphaScreen® SureFire® - Posters

Universal HTRF® phospho-protein platform: from 2D, 3D, primary cells to patient derived tumor cells

Analysis of a large panel of diverse biological samples and cellular models - Posters

HTRF phospho assays reveal subtle drug induced effects in tumor-xenografts

Tumor xenograft analysis: HTRF versus Western blot - Application Notes

A guideline for HTRF® cell-based phospho-protein data normalization

Valuable guidelines for efficiently analyzing and interpreting results - Application Notes

HTRF® phospho-total lysis buffer: a universal alternative to RIPA lysis buffers

Increased flexibility of phospho-assays - Application Notes

Best practices for analyzing brain samples with HTRF® phospho assays for neurosciences

Insider Tips for successful sample treatment - Technical Notes

HTRF Alpha-tubulin Housekeeping kit

An indispensable complement to properly interpret compound effect - Application Notes

Optimize your HTRF cell signaling assays on tissues

HTRF and WB compatible guidelines - Technical Notes

Key guidelines to successful cell signaling experiments

Mastering the art of cell signaling assays optimization - Guides

HTRF phospho-assays reveal subtle drug-induced effects

Detailed protocol and direct comparison with WB - Posters

Best practices for analyzing tumor xenografts with HTRF phospho assays

Protocol for tumor xenograft analysis with HTRF - Technical Notes

How to run a cell based phospho HTRF assay

What to expect at the bench - Videos

Unleash the potential of your phosphorylation research with HTRF

Unmatched ease of use, sensitivity and specificity assays - Videos

Product Insert STAT1 P-Y701 Kit / 63ADK026PEG-63ADK026PEH

63ADK026PEG-63ADK026PEH - Product Insert

HTRF Product Catalog

All your HTRF assays in one document! - Catalog

A guide to Homogeneous Time Resolved Fluorescence

General principles of HTRF - Guides

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