This HTRF kit monitors the cellular ERK expression level and can be used as a normalization assay for the phospho-ERK kit.

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  • Ease-of-use Ease-of-use
  • High sensitivity High sensitivity
  • Highly specific Highly specific

This HTRF kit monitors the cellular ERK expression level and can be used as a normalization assay for the phospho-ERK kit.

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Overview

The Total-ERK1/2 assay is ideal for ERK normalization with the phospho-ERK kits. It is compatible with the buffers from the phospho or Advanced phospho-ERK kits, so the same lysate can be used for fast and easy analysis of the total and the phosphorylated protein populations.

Benefits

  • COMPATIBLE WITH MANY CELL TYPES
  • SPECIFICITY
  • DATA NORMALIZATION

Total-ERK assay principle

The Total-ERK assay quantifies the expression level of ERK in a cell lysate. Contrary to Western Blot, the assay is entirely plate-based and does not require gels, electrophoresis or transfer. The Total-ERK assay uses two labeled antibodies: one coupled to a donor fluorophore, the other to an acceptor. Both antibodies are highly specific for a distinct epitope on the protein. In presence of ERK in a cell extract, the addition of these conjugates brings the donor fluorophore into close proximity with the acceptor and thereby generates a FRET signal. Its intensity is directly proportional to the concentration of the protein present in the sample, and provides a means of assessing the protein’s expression under a no-wash assay format.
Total ERK assay principle

Total-ERK 2-plate assay protocol

The 2 plate protocol involves culturing cells in a 96-well plate before lysis then transferring lysates to a 384-well low volume detection plate before adding Total ERK HTRF detection reagents. This protocol enables the cells' viability and confluence to be monitored.
Total ERK 2-plate assay protocol

Total-ERK 1-plate assay protocol

Detection of total ERK with HTRF reagents can be performed in a single plate used for culturing, stimulation and lysis. No washing steps are required. This HTS designed protocol enables miniaturization while maintaining robust HTRF quality.
Total ERK 1-plate assay protocol

Validation of total-ERK1/2 assay on various cell lines

Human (Hela, A431, HEK293, Jurkat), murine (NIH 3T3) and Hamster (CHO-K1) cells were grown in a T175 flask at 37°C, 5% CO2 for 2 days. After removal of cell culture medium, 3 mL of supplemented lysis buffer 3 were added and incubated for 45 min. Soluble supernatants were collected after 10 min centrifuging. ERK1/2 was detected using 16 µL of cell lysate. Cell lines from other species have not been tested, hence they must be evaluated case by case.
Validation of total-ERK assay on various cell lines

Total-ERK assay to control phosphorylation of ERK1/2

A431 cells (100,000 cells/well) were activated with EGF for 10 min, using the two-plate assay protocol of the Phospho-ERK1/2 and Total-ERK1/2 assays. As expected, results obtained show a dose-response increase of ERK1/2 phosphorylation upon EGF stimulation while ERK1/2 expression level remains constant.
dose-response increase of ERK1/2 phosphorylation upon EGF stimulation while ERK expression level remains constant.

MAPK/ERK cell signaling

The MAPK/ERK signaling cascade is activated by a wide variety of receptors involved in growth and differentiation. The core signal transduction cascade elicits regulation of numerous cellular processes including adhesion, migration, apoptosis, differentiation and metabolism. MEK1/2 catalyze the phosphorylation of ERK1/2 at Tyr204 and Thr202. In response, ERK phosphorylates hundreds of cytoplasmic and nuclear substrates. The wide complexity and diversity of MAPK signaling makes ERK a key regulator and major signaling node in biology.
MAPK/ERK cell signaling pathway

ERK in GPCR signaling

ERK modulation plays a major role in GPCR signaling and is therefore an important measurable GPCR readout. GPCRs act via G proteins to regulate a wide range of cellular functions. Upon stimulation, these receptors activate effectors like adenylate cyclase and phospholipase C, which influence not only intracellular concentrations of second messengers like cAMP and Ca2+, but also mediate ERK1/2 phosphorylation. GPCRs have also been shown to mediate ERK1/2 activation in a G protein-independent but beta-arrestin dependent manner.
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Cisbio lysis buffer compatibility

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Species compatibility

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