HTRF Human Total BRD3 Detection Kit HTRF®
BRD3 belongs to the bromodomain (BRD) Family II (BET). Like the other BRD family proteins, it binds to acetylated lysine and acts as a reader of the lysine acetylation state of proteins such as histones. It is a transcriptional regulator involved in many cell processes ( embryogenesis, cycle regulation, development) through the E2F-RB pathway. BRD3 interacts with the GATA transcription factor for its chromatin occupancy and the regulation of several oncogenes, such as c-MYC.
Thus, inhibition of BRD3 function has become part of the strategy for cancer treatments. More recently, targeting BET family protein degradation , including BRD3 via PROTAC molecules, has emerged as a novel and promising therapeutic approach.
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The adherent Human cell lines MCF7 (mammary gland), HEK293(Embryonic kidney), and HeLa (Cervix), were plated in 96-well culture plates at a density of 100,000 cells /well and incubated for 24 hours at 37°C, 5% CO2. After culture medium removal, the cells were lysed with 50 µL of supplemented lysis buffer #4 (1X).
The BRD3 expression level was assessed with the HTRF Total BRD3 kit. Briefly, 16 µL of cell lysate were transferred into a low volume white microplate, followed by 4 µL of premixed HTRF detection reagents. The HTRF signal was recorded after an overnight incubation at RT. The dotted line corresponds to the non-specific HTRF signal. Note that the cell density was optimized beforehand to ensure HTRF detection within the dynamic range of the kit (data not shown).
The HTRF Total BRD3 assay efficiently detects BRD3 in various cellular models expressing different levels of the protein.
|PROTAC®||Described POI||Warheads||E3L ligands||Published potencies||DC50|
|dBET6||BET Family||JQ1 derivative||Thalidomide (Cereblon Ligand)||14-50 nM||67 nM|
|ARV-771||BET Family||JQ1 derivative||VHL-1 (VHL Ligand)||8-34 nM||33 nM|
|MZP-54||BET Family||I-BET726||VH032 (VHL Ligand)||50-300 nM||22 nM|
|dBRD9||BRD9 Selective||BI7273||Pomalidomide (Cereblon Ligand)||Non-targeting BRD3||No degradation|
|ARV-471||ERα||Irrelevant for BRD2 target||No degradation|
The BRD3 expression level was assessed with our HTRF total BRD3 kit in HAP1 cells (WT) and five different HAP1 cell lines Knocked-Out for BRD2, BRD4 (BET Family), BRD7, or BRD9 (Family IV). The cell density was optimized beforehand to ensure HTRF detection within the dynamic range of the kit (data not shown).
The 6 different cell lines were cultured in a 96-well plate (50,000 cells/well) for 24 hours at 37°C, 5% CO2. After culture medium removal, the cells were lysed with 50 µL of supplemented lysis buffer #4 (1X), then 16 µL of cell lysate were transferred into a low volume white microplate followed by 4 µL of premixed detection reagents. The HTRF signal was recorded after an overnight incubation at RT.
In HAP1 KO BRD3 cells, the HTRF signal was equivalent to the non-specific signal (dotted line) indicating a complete BRD3 gene silencing, whereas the BRD3 level was well detected in the other cell lines, as expected.
Note that i) No decrease in the BRD3 level was detected in KO BRD2, BRD4, BRD7, and BRD9 cell lines compared to the WT HAP1, demonstrating the selectivity of the HTRF BRD3 kit over BRD2, BRD4 , BRD7, and BRD9 ii) BRD2 and BRD4 expression levels are significantly higher in HAP1 KO BRD2 and HAP1 KO BRD4 than Wt HAP1, suggesting a compensatory mechanism.
HeLa cells were cultured in a T175 flask in complete culture medium at 37°C, 5% CO2. After 48h of incubation and cell medium removal, the cells were lysed with 3 mL of supplemented lysis buffer #4 (1X) for 30 minutes at RT under gentle shaking.
Serial dilutions of the cell lysate were performed using supplemented lysis buffer#4, and 16 µL of each dilution were transferred into a low volume white microplate before the addition of 4 µL of HTRF total BRD3 detection reagents.
Equal amounts of lysates were used for a side-by-side comparison between HTRF and Western Blot.
In these conditions, the HTRF total BRD3 assay was 2-fold more sensitive than the Western Blot technique.
BRD3 binds to the hyperacetylated chromatin regions, also called super-enhancer regions, and plays a role in the regulation of transcription. It provides a scaffold on chromatin to recruit proteins such as E2F proteins for chromatin remodeling. BRD3 is also recruited by the transcription factor GATA1 when acetylated by CREB-binding protein (CRB), to both activate and repress target genes and promote its chromatin occupancy.
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