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Phospho-STAT6 (Tyr641) cellular kit HTRF®

This HTRF kit enables the cell-based quantitative detection of phosphorylated STAT6 as a result of cytokine induced receptor activation, such as IL4, IL13 or IFNa.

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  • No-wash No-wash
  • All inclusive kit All inclusive kit
  • Low sample consumption Low sample consumption
  • High sensitivity High sensitivity

This HTRF kit enables the cell-based quantitative detection of phosphorylated STAT6 as a result of cytokine induced receptor activation, such as IL4, IL13 or IFNa.

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Overview

This cell-based assay is designed to monitor the phosphorylation of STAT6 on Tyr641, which represents a hallmark of its activation.

STAT6 is a transcription factor mainly activated by the IL4 receptor, and also by the IL3, IL13 or IFNa receptor. STAT6 is phosphorylated on tyrosine 641 by Janus kinases, which leads to the formation of homodimers or heterodimers with STAT2. Finally, activated STAT6 translocates to the nucleus and mediates cytokine-induced gene expression.

Benefits

  • SPECIFICITY
  • PRECISION

Phospho-STAT6 (Tyr641) assay principle

The Phospho-STAT6 (Tyr641) assay measures STAT6 when phosphorylated at Tyr641. Unlike Western Blot, the assay is entirely plate-based and does not require gels, electrophoresis, or transfer. The Phospho-STAT6 (Tyr641) assay uses 2 labeled antibodies, one with a donor fluorophore and the other with an acceptor. The first antibody is selected for its specific binding to the phosphorylated motif on the protein, the second for its ability to recognize the protein independently of its phosphorylation state. Protein phosphorylation enables an immune-complex formation involving both labeled antibodies which brings the donor fluorophore into close proximity to the acceptor, thereby generating a FRET signal. Its intensity is directly proportional to the concentration of phosphorylated protein present in the sample, and provides a means of assessing the protein’s phosphorylation state under a no-wash assay format.

phospho-stat6-y641-assay-principle

Phospho-STAT6 (Tyr641) 2-plate assay protocol

The 2-plate protocol involves culturing cells in a 96-well plate before lysis, then transferring lysates to a 384-well low volume detection plate before the addition of Phospho-STAT6 (Tyr641) HTRF detection reagents. This protocol enables the cells' viability and confluence to be monitored.

phospho-stat6-y641-2-plate-assay-protocol

Phospho-STAT6 (Tyr641) 1-plate assay protocol

Detection of Phosphorylated STAT6 (Tyr641) with HTRF reagents can be performed in a single plate used for culturing, stimulation, and lysis. No washing steps are required. This HTS designed protocol enables miniaturization while maintaining robust HTRF quality.

phospho-stat6-y641-1-plate-assay-protocol

STAT6 Tyr641 phosphorylation assessed on various cell models

Various human cell lines, either adherent HeLa cells or suspensions such as TF1, U937 and TH1 cells, were seeded at 100,000 cells / well in a 96-well microplate, then stimulated with 5ng/mL of hIL4 for 20 minutes. After cell lysis with supplemented lysis buffer, 16 µL of lysate were transferred into a 384-well low volume white microplate before the addition of 4 µL of the HTRF phospho-STAT6 (Tyr641) detection reagents. The HTRF signal was recorded after an overnight incubation.
Image of the validation of the HTRF Phospho STAT6 on various adherent and suspension cell lines treated with IL4

Pharmacological validation of phospho-STAT6 (Tyr641) in THP1 cells

THP1 cells were seeded at different cell densities in 96-well microplates, then stimulated with increasing concentrations of hIL4 for 20 minutes. Following the 2-plate assay protocol, 16 µL of lysate were transferred into a 384-well low volume white microplate before the addition of 4 µL of the HTRF phospho-STAT6 (Tyr641) detection reagents. The HTRF signal was recorded after an overnight incubation.

Image of the validation of the HTRF HTRF Phospho STAT6 on the human THP1 cell line treated with human IL4

STAT6 phosphorylation induced by IFNalpha dose-response

THP1 cells were seeded at different cell densities in a 96-well microplate, then stimulated with increasing concentrations of hIFNa for 20 minutes. Following the 2-plate assay protocol, 16 µL of lysate were transferred into a 384-well low volume white microplate before the addition of 4 µL of the HTRF phospho-STAT6 (Tyr641) detection reagents. The HTRF signal was recorded after an overnight incubation.

Image of the validation of the HTRF Phospho STAT6 on the human THP1 cell line treated with human IFNα

HTRF phospho-STAT6 cellular assay compared to Western Blot

The human Hela line was seeded in a T175 flask, and incubated at 37°C, 5% CO2, until confluency. The cells were then treated with IL4 (50 ng/mL) for 20 min before lysis.

Serial dilutions of the cell lysate were performed in the supplemented lysis buffer, and 16 µL of each dilution were transferred into a low volume white microplate before the addition of 4 µL of HTRF phospho-STAT6 detection reagents. Equal amounts of lysates were used for a side by side comparison between HTRF and Western Blot.

Using the HTRF Phospho-STAT6 Y641 assay, 5,000 cells/well were sufficient to detect a signal, while 40,000 cells were needed using Western Blot with an ECL detection. These results demonstrate that the HTRF phospho-STAT6 assay is 8 times more sensitive than the Western Blot

Image of the comparison between Western blot and HTRF using phospho-STAT6 on human HeLa cells treated with IL4

Function and regulation of STAT6

STAT6 is phosphorylated in response to cytokines and growth factors by the receptor associated kinase, JAK. Once phosphorylated, STAT6 proteins form homo or heterodimers and translocate into the nucleus, where they mediate cytokine induced gene expression. Interleukin 4 is the main cytokine triggering STAT6 phosphorylation on tyrosine 641 residue and inducing the expression of BCL2L1/BCL-X(L), which is responsible for the anti-apoptotic activity of IL4. To a lesser extent, STAT6 phosphorylation by TBK1 has been shown to be associated with the STING pathway, thus playing a role in innate immunity in response to viral infection.

Pathway Stat6 phospho

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Detailed protocol and direct comparison with WB - Posters

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Key guidelines to successful cell signaling experiments

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Optimize your HTRF cell signaling assays on tissues

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HTRF phospho-total lysis buffer: a universal alternative to RIPA lysis buffers

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HTRF cell-based phospho-protein data normalization

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Unleash the potential of your phosphorylation research with HTRF

Unmatched ease of use, sensitivity and specificity assays - Videos

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Universal HTRF® phospho-protein platform: from 2D, 3D, primary cells to patient derived tumor cells

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Investigating kinase activity in a cellular context

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Species compatibility

Cell Signaling: Biomarkers, Phospho- & total-protein assays - Flyers

HTRF cellular phospho-protein assays

Physiologically relevant results fo fast flowing research - Flyers

Cisbio lysis buffer compatibility

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Open R&D: Sanofi Access Platform

In collaboration with Sanofi - Scientific Presentations

Inflammation cell by cell

HTRF solutions for each cell type - Flyers

HTRF Product Catalog 2020 July update

All your HTRF assays in one document! - Catalog

A guide to Homogeneous Time Resolved Fluorescence

General principles of HTRF - Guides

How HTRF compares to Western Blot and ELISA

Get the brochure about technology comparison. - Brochures

Unleash the potential of your phosphorylation research with HTRF

A fun video introducing you to phosphorylation assays with HTRF - Videos

How to run a cell based phospho HTRF assay

3' video to set up your Phospho assay - Videos

An innate and adaptive immunity recap

Insight into the diversity of cells & signaling pathways - Guides

Plate Reader Requirement

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